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CSharp

November 10, 2017 13:47

C# version:

  • C# 1.0 with Visual Studio.NET

  • C# 2.0 with Visual Studio 2005

  • C# 3.0 with Visual Studio 2008

  • C# 4.0 with Visual Studio 2010

  • C# 5.0 with Visual Studio 2012

  • C# 6.0 with Visual Studio 2015

  • C# 7.0 with Visual Studio 2017

What are the correct version numbers for C#?

These are the versions of C# known about at the time of this writing:

  • C# 1.0 released with .NET 1.0 and VS2002 (January 2002)
  • C# 1.2 (bizarrely enough); released with .NET 1.1 and VS2003 (April 2003). First version to call Dispose on IEnumerators which implemented IDisposable. A few other small features.
  • C# 2.0 released with .NET 2.0 and VS2005 (November 2005). Major new features: generics, anonymous methods, nullable types, iterator blocks
  • C# 3.0 released with .NET 3.5 and VS2008 (November 2007). Major new features: lambda expressions, extension methods, expression trees, anonymous types, implicit typing (var), query expressions
  • C# 4.0 released with .NET 4 and VS2010 (April 2010). Major new features: late binding (dynamic), delegate and interface generic variance, more COM support, named arguments, tuple data type and optional parameters
  • C# 5.0 released with .NET 4.5 and VS2012 (August 2012). Major features: async programming, caller info attributes. Breaking change: loop variable closure.
  • C# 6.0 released with .NET 4.6 and VS2015 (July 2015). Implemented by Roslyn. Features: initializers for automatically implemented properties, using directives to import static members, exception filters, indexed members and element initializers, await in catch and finally, extension Add methods in collection initializers.
  • C# 7.0 released with .NET 4.7 and VS2017 (March 2017) Major new features: tuples, ref locals and ref return, pattern matching (including pattern-based switch statements), inline outparameter declarations, local functions, binary literals, digit separators, and arbitrary async returns.
  • C# 7.1 released with .NET 4.7 and VS2017 v15.3 (August 2017) Minor new features: async main, tuple member name inference, default expression, pattern matching with generics.

There is no such thing as C# 3.5 - the cause of confusion here is that the C# 3.0 is present in .NET 3.5. The language and framework are versioned independently, however - as is the CLR, which is at version 2.0 for .NET 2.0 through 3.5, .NET 4 introducing CLR 4.0, service packs notwithstanding. The CLR in .NET 4.5 has various improvements, but the versioning is unclear: in some places it may be referred to as CLR 4.5 (this MSDN page used to refer to it that way, for example), but the Environment.Version property still reports 4.0.xxx.

More detailed information about the relationship between the language, runtime and framework versions is available on the C# in Depth site. This includes information about which features of C# 3.0 you can use when targeting .NET 2.0. (If anyone wants to bring all of the content into this wiki answer, they're welcome to.)

As of May 3, 2017, the C# Language Team created a history of C# versions and features on their github repo: Features Added in C# Language Versions

Features Added in C# Language Versions

C# 1.0 (Visual Studio.NET)

  • Classes
  • Structs
  • Interfaces
  • Events
  • Properties
  • Delegates
  • Expressions
  • Statements
  • Attributes
  • Literals

C# 2 (VS 2005)

  • Generics
  • Partial types
  • Anonymous methods
  • Iterators
  • Nullable types
  • Getter/setter separate accessibility
  • Method group conversions (delegates)
  • Co- and Contra-variance for delegates and interfaces
  • Static classes
  • Delegate inference

C# 3 (VS 2008)

  • Implicitly typed local variables
  • Object and collection initializers
  • Auto-Implemented properties
  • Anonymous types
  • Extension methods
  • Query expressions
  • Lambda expression
  • Expression trees
  • Partial methods

C# 4 (VS 2010)

  • Dynamic binding
  • Named and optional arguments
  • Generic co- and contravariance
  • Embedded interop types ("NoPIA")

C# 5 (VS 2012)

  • Asynchronous methods
  • Caller info attributes

C# 6 (VS 2015)

  • Draft Specification online
  • Compiler-as-a-service (Roslyn)
  • Import of static type members into namespace
  • Exception filters
  • Await in catch/finally blocks
  • Auto property initializers
  • Default values for getter-only properties
  • Expression-bodied members
  • Null propagator (null-conditional operator, succinct null checking)
  • String interpolation
  • nameof operator
  • Dictionary initializer

C# 7.0 (Visual Studio 2017)

C# 7.1 (Visual Studio 2017 version 15.3)

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